ITALY

Venice

Venice is one of the most romantic cities in the world that having romantic affair with water. All these color and romance caused to lose sense of real. Reality and fairy tale become nested in here.

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Venice is an island city that consists of 118 islets and connected each other with 400 bridges.

The formation of islets is interesting. Thousands of years ago rivers of foothills the Alps were dragged everything in their path while flew through the sea that stream caused formed small aggregates. These small cumulants were distributed in different directions by wind and tide. Over the time these cumulations were taken the form of current islands by nourishing with alluvium.

Actually, this formations still continues nowadays. Erected stakes indicate these shallow areas in order to get attention ships that can bee seen once get a tour around the Grand Canal.

Buildings in Venice were built on wooden stakes. They reach to clay layer by drilling sand and gravel layers in the sea. These stakes have been strengthened as a rock due to anaerobic envoirment under the water. For this reason buildings are still survive despite for all centuries. These houses are used as a resident by older population. Young population prefers to live in Mestre landside of Venice.

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The Venetians realised that certain amount of underground waters pulled out due to artesian wells that used in industri. As a result Venice was submerged in water. Artesian wells are restricted when this condition recognized. All these prohibition only slowed down the process of submerge. Which mean is Venice will eventually sink.

Gondolas are symbols of this city that not posssible to imagine a Venice without gondola. Gondolas are only used for transportation in the past. Nowadays Gondolas are essential part of romantic tour in the canals in between the colorful houses of city. But to be a gondolier is not as easy as it seems. This profession only can be hand over from father to son.

The Merchant of Venetians have been maximized trading arithmetic system that they have learned from Turks and Arabs due to business relations within the commercial network. Many of Merchant have come to Venice from around the Europe to learn and addopt this arithmetic system.

The Venetian has always been strong ties between Ottoman Empire as well as Byzantine throughout the history. Venetian was signed a framework agreement between Byzantine to present an ambassador in their country. This ambassador would be managed Venetian Colonies in Eastern countries including Byzantine that they called Balio. Venetian has renewed agreement with Ottomans when Istanbul captured by Sultan Mehmed Conqueror. These people became known as Balios in Ottoman Period. Balios were appointed as a Doge upon complated their duty in Istanbul and return to Venice. This is an indication of given importance to Istanbul by Venetians.

İt is possible to see some traces in Venice from Istanbul even today. The most famous of these Four Horses of St. Mark’s Basilica. Four bronze horse statues were placed on the front façade of the basilica during the the Fourth Crusade. They were sent to Venice by Enrico Dandolo.

Enrico Dandolo is the leader of the Venetian Crusaders. Constantinople were captured by the Fourth Crusaders in four days. Istanbul was looted and many structure including Hagia Sofia were damaged and hundereds of years old boks were burned. Important Byzantine artifacts including above mentioned bronze horses were taken to Europe. Blind Dodge established a Latin Empire in Istanbul in 1204 after that he died in 1205. He was buried in Hagia Sophia which his tomb is still visible today. Latin Empire lasted until 1261.

These horses were taken to Paris during the Napoleonic era, horses were returned to Venice when French Empire ended.

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Basilica of San Marco is an excellent example Byzantium Architecture in Venice.  Basilica is known as the “Golden Church” for its rich design of gilded Byzantine mosaics.

Winged Lion of St. Mark and San Teodoro statue symbols of Venice.

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Doge’s Palace is just next to the San Marco Basilica. The palace was the residence of the Doge of Venice, the supreme authority of the former Republic of Venice.

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Venice is famous with its bridges. One of them is Bridge of Sighs , which connects the Doge’s Palace to the New Prison. The bridge name comes from the suggestion that prisoners would sigh at their final view of beautiful Venice through the window before being taken down to their cells. The mentioned prison was the place where nobody could escape and died in a short period because of illness due to moisture.

One of the famous guests of this prison is Casanova who has been in Istanbul a part of life. According to rumors, he managed to escape from here by affecting one of Doge’s wife with his charming after this incident this place never used as a prison.

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Venice becomes all colorful in Carnival time which is best time to visit. San Marco Square filling by the people and many colorful entertainments placed here during the festival. You may find yourself in a medieval era with all creative masks and cotumes in this huge open air masquarede.

Festival dates were defined according to Catholic beliefs. The first Sunday after the Festival is known as “Quaresima” the Lent which lasts for 40 days until Easter. All kinds of meat is forbidden during this diet! That’s why people having crazy fun before the Lent. The most common belief about the masks in Carnival involves equalization of social classes by hiding all faces.

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Venice famous with Venice Biennale of contemprary art and Venice Film Festival along with the history and culture.

Venice is a supernatural city that makes people feel different by getting isolated from time.